An interesting piece of historical information about indices:

Index notation

Year 9 Indices.


Classroom Strategies to Foster a Growth Mindset

Response: Classroom Strategies to Foster a Growth Mindset – Classroom Q&A With Larry Ferlazzo – Education Week Teacher.

Please click on the link above to see the full article (below is an extract highlighting the 4 strategies) 

1) Establish high expectations (not just high standards). Research by Geoffrey Cohen and colleagues3 shows that this increases motivation in vulnerable students. So let students know that you are challenging them because you know that all of them have the ability to meet those expectations.

2) Create a risk-tolerant learning zone. Let your students know that you value challenge-seeking, learning, and effort above perfect performance, and that the amount of progress they make individually is more important than how they compare to others. Make it clear that mistakes are to be expected and that we can all learn from them. 

3) Give feedback that focuses on process – the things students can control, like their effort, challenge-seeking, persistence, and good strategies.  Claudia Mueller and Carol Dweck showed that praising students for effort triggers growth mindset thinking. But many students think that effort is simply doing something for a long time, or doing the same thing over and over. Instead, help your students understand the many ways to employ effort effectively, such as seeking out challenges, setting goals and making plans, using creative strategies, and sticking with it when they are having difficulty.

4) Introduce students to the concept of the malleable mind. Recent research in neuroscience shows that our brains develop through effort and learning, and that they are more malleable than previously thought. Teaching this can be a powerful way to help students develop a growth mindset about their own ability.

Mathematics TALENT or SKILL?

Psychologists Harold Stevenson and James Stigler found 15 years ago that in countries that produce a lot of math whizzes, parents and teachers believed that mathematical ability is like a muscle you strengthen with good instruction and practice. In countries like the USA and the UK, where many kids don’t do that well, parents think of mathematical ability as a talent, not a skill.